Mediagraphy - Discography - Trackography - Videography - Gigography - Biography - Chronology

29 January 2011

Ray Receives Heraldo De Mexico Award From Cantinflas (1970)

In (late) February 1970 Ray Charles was at Camino Royal in Mexico City, to be presented - by the famous comedian Cantinflas - with the annual Heraldo de Mexico Award for being "the most outstanding international artist". Ray was his typical self in his acceptance speech, throwing in a lot of shy muchas gracias and an occasional  "Continflas numero uno!" See the clip below, and read this.

27 January 2011

Brother Ray Is At It Again (1980)

  1. Compared To What
  2. Anyway You Want To
  3. Don’t You Love Me Anymore (flugelhorn solo by Bobby Bryant Freddie Hubbard*)
  4. A Poor Man's Song
  5. Now That We've Found Each other
  6. Ophelia
  7. I Can't Change It
  8. Questions
Crossover/Atlantic SH 8546, March 1980.

This album was released more than a year after the first edition of Brother Ray; Ray Charles' Own Story, the autobiography co-written with David Ritz, a moderate bestseller in 1978, and a little before the release of The Blues Brothers. Nevertheless, this release was hardly noticed, and now the album is almost totally forgotten.

The musicians were not credited. Bobby Bryant (trumpet) and David T. Walker (guitar) were amongst the session musicians. The backing vocals on #1 were possibly sung by The Raelettes; the choir on #7 remains unidentified. Arrangers: Mike Post (#1, 4, 6), Larry Muhoberac (#2, 5), Nan Schwartz (#3), Ray Charles (#7 and #8 together with), Sid Feller.

* This new attribution is based on a consensus among trumpetist alumni of the Ray Charles band.











Full album:


    22 January 2011

    Ray Charles Live In Antibes (1990)

    The taping of Ray Charles' concert in Antibes on 19 July 1990 at the 30th edition of Jazz à Juan was directed - as always - by Jean-Christophe Averty. The footage of the concert was re-edited into three 30-minute programs, titled Special Ray Charles (#1, #2, #3) which were broadcast by France 2.

    The choice for Special Ray Charles #1 (first aired on 21 August 1990) was:
    1. Then We'll Be Home (Sadies Tune)
    2. Busted
    3. Georgia On My Mind
    4. Mississippi Mud
    5. The Brightest Smile In Town
    6. Feel So Bad
    The tunes chosen for Special Ray Charles #2 (first aired on 28 December 1990) had a focus on The Raelettes, but started with a splendid Orchestra piece:
    1. Metamorphosis (Ray Charles Orchestra) (solos by Al Jackson, Jeff Kaye, Ernest Vantrease)
    2. Intro RC
    3. Chain Of Fools (The Raelettes)
    4. Giving Up* (ft Trudy Cohran)
    5. Smack Dab In The Middle
    6. I Can't Stop Loving You
    7. I Can See Clearly Now 
    Based on Donny Hathaway's minor hit from 1972. It's a beautiful, soaring  7-minute love lament sung by Trudy Cohran, which seems to have been improvised on the spot (Ray moaning directions between Trudy's lines), but it was performed several times by Cohran (later also by Tonette McKinney). The TV program's editors gave it the title Spiritual Solo.

    The concert was interrupted to let the mayor award Ray with a Légion d'honneur. This scene was
    left out of the broadcast (but you can see Ray suddenly with
    a medal around his neck).
    Ina archive, also describes the contents of Special Ray Charles #3, first broadcast on 8 January 1991, by France 2.
    • The matrix tape (INA ID CPB90014937) has a run time of 29m16s. The record specifies that it entailed two instrumentals by the Ray Charles Orchestra, plus four tunes performed by Ray Charles, one of which was a duet with Dee Dee Bridgewater (no doubt this was Precious Thing). The description of INA tape #  I00005172 seems to imply that The Raelettes supported the duet with backing vocals. 
    • Another tape (INA ID I00005170), with a run time of 4m26s, gives the title of one of the three other tunes: "Sadie (without Raelettes)", surely referring to Then We'll Be Home (Sadies Tune). This song was also part of the first Special.
    • The description of a third tape (INA ID I00005173), with a run time of 5m24s, specifies the name of yet another tune, performed by Ray and the girls: "Gonna coils one you" - which, unfortunately, is a phantasy title.
    • The description of the last tape (INA ID CPB90014937) names What'd I Say, with a duration of 3m12s, as the fourth song. "Then Ray Charles greets the public with the orchestra playing".
    * J.P. Verger pointed me at this (cf. comments).

    Update: Today I watched an excellent copy of the Special Ray Charles #3, with the following tunes:
    1. The Shadow Of Your Smile (The Ray Charles Orchestra) (solo by Craig Bailey - ts)
    2. Beatrice (The Ray Charles Orchestra) (solos by Wayne Coniglio - tb, Ken Rampton - tp)
    3. Intro RC
    4. Then We'll Be Home (Sadies Tune)
    5. Precious Thing (with Dee Dee Bridgewater)
    6. Lay Around And Love On You (All I Wanna Do Is --) (solos by Kenny Carr - g, Ray Charles - ep)
    7. What'd I Say
    So far, The Shadow Of Your Smile (#1) was only known from a recording at the Salle Pleyel concert in 1969. Dee Dee Bridgewater's guest appearance was a little triumph; Precious Thing (#5) got a very inspired rendition.

    Personnel:
    Musicians: Chuck Parrish, Jeff Kaye, Jeff Helgesen, Kenny Rampton - trumpets; Steve Sigmund, Mike  Guerrier, Marc Fields, Wayne Coniglio - trombones; Al Waters, Rudy Johnson, Al Jackson, Craig Baily, Scott Frillman - saxophones; David Rokeach - drums; Kenny Carr - guitar; Benoît Grey - bass; Ernest Vantrease - organ. The Raelettes: Trudy Cohran, Kay Nickerson, Lalomie Washburn, Angie Workman, Estella Yarbrough.

    '90 LC Antibes - Busted:

    '90 LC Antibes - Georgia On My Mind:

    Ray Charles Live In Antibes (1987)

    The 1987 Jazz À Juan concert took place on 19 July. The songs were*:
      1. Intro
      2. Then We'll Be Home (Sadies Tune)
      3. Busted
      4. Georgia On My Mind
      5. Mississippi Mud
      6. Just For A Thrill (flugelhorn solo by Jeff Kaye) 
      7. Feel So Bad (guitar solo by Kenny Carr)
      8. Yours
      9. Chain Of Fools (ft Estella Yarbrough)
      10. All I Need (Elaine Woodard)
      11. Smack Dab In The Middle
      12. I Can’t Stop Loving You
      13. I Can See Clearly Now
      * Hector Tarin Nieto helped me to reconstruct the setlist. It's improbable that What'd I Say was not played as a final. 

      Personnel:
      Musicians: Mark Curry, Bobby Medina, Ted Murdock, Jeff Kaye - trumpets; Mike Christianson, Armin Marmolejo, Steve Sigmund, Charlie Schofner - trombones; Al Jackson, Clifford Solomon (bandleader), Ricky Woodard, Rudy Johnson, Leroy Cooper - saxophones; Ernest Vantrease - keyboards; Kenny Carr - guitar; Anders Swanson - bass; Paul Kreibich - drums. The Raelettes: Estella Yarbrough, Trudy Cohran, Sharon Creighton, Elaine Woodard, Angela Workman.

      The French television recycled the contents of the show in several programs.

      A. Special with Sarah Vaughan
      On July 19 France 2 aired a 29m29s special titled Sarah Vaughan - Ray Charles, with parts of their concerts (the broadcast was repeated on 24 June 1988; cf. Ina archive ID CPB88008443; I05043478 is a 7 minute cut just with Sarah Vaughan). The program was presented by André Francis and was - as always - directed by Jean Christophe Averty. The special showed: From This Moment (Vaughan), Smack Dab In The Middle (Charles), I Can't Stop Loving You (Charles), Goodbye (Vaughan), Send In The Clowns (Vaughan). There was no direct interaction between Brother Ray and Sister Sass.

      B. Possible second Special with Sarah Vaughan
      Yet another informant has send me yet another description of source materials or of a TV program extracted from the 1987 footage, archived on two tapes, where "Ray Charles shares the stage with a singer called Sarah Vaughan".
      Tape 1 - Sarah Vaughan: There Will Never Be Another You, I'm So Glad There Is You, Just Friends, East Of The Sun, Lush Life, and a 'Gershwin medley'. Ray Charles: #3, 5, 1, 8, 7, 9, 2, 6, 4 from the list above.
      Tape 2 - Sarah Vaughan: From This Moment, Goodbye, Send In The Clowns. Ray Charles: #10, 11, 12 from the list above.

      C. Special titled I Feel So Bad
      This source describes a 37 minute video titled I Feel So Bad. I have seen a partial copy of what most probably is this program, with the numbers 1, 3, 2, 5, 4, 6, 7 from the list above.

      #10 - All I Need (Elaine Woodard):
         [Clip removed from YouTube]

      Ina keeps 2 more tapes with rest materials or post production footage, with performances of Mississippi Mud (Ina, I00005182) and Feel So Bad (Ina, ID I00005183) from the same concert.

      21 January 2011

      Ray Charles (Probably Not) On IMNtv.com (2000)

      In 2000 Ray Charles was part of a brief dotcom-ish adventure with InVision Records, a division of Falcon Entertainment Corp. Falcon was a crossmedia concept focused on three areas: broadcasting and cable networks, music, and internet websites.
      Part of the deal was exposure through Independent Music Network Television (IMNtv), a medium intended to offer amateur bands and artists free national television exposure, plus worldwide visibility through concurrent webcasting.
      "I’m very happy to be involved with InVision Records because the programs that they’ve come up with will make sure that the music gets heard — not just mine, but amateur artists as well," said Charles in a Falcon press release. "And then they go a step further with a commitment to make sure that their artists are satisfied with their music. Nobody does that anymore. It’s the way the industry used to work, and it’s great to find a label providing that kind of support. It’s all about the music — that’s what matters to me, and the people at InVision Records are people who stand behind their word. It’s more than just contracts and money, these are men whose word means something. What we’re doing is going back to the way music and artists used to be treated in this business."
      Following a soft launch on April 15, IMNtv hit the airwaves and the web on 1 June. But on 6 November 2000 Falcon sent out a press release announcing that "after an evaluation of its current cable distribution and programming strategies for its IMNtv music video program, it has terminated its network carriage agreement with OlympuSat." The company planned to launch version 2.0 of its web site during early November, "including: substantially easier navigation and search tools, improved band and video information for viewers, a more intuitive interface for bands to manage their IMNtv accounts, and an enhanced streaming video interface". Furthermore, Falcon claimed it was negotiating with several sources for additional equity funding, "the completion of which is necessary for the company to expand its cable distribution efforts and to re-launch its IMNtv programming. At the present time, Falcon is relying solely on its Chairman and principal shareholder for its working capital funding."
      No records were released. I doubt if they ever aired any footage with Ray Charles. In 2009 (!) Falcon's stock registrations were finally revoked. Sources: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8.

      The New York agency RDA produced the launch campaign for IMNtv (they're probably still waiting to be paid), including these two - very decent - commercials on the theme "Get huge!":

      20 January 2011

      Ray Charles On Johnny Carson's Tonight Show (1970 - 1992)

      At one of the '87 shows. Photo: NBC/Getty.
      Ray Charles always enjoyed guesting on the Tonight Show. The performances that I have watched - with Carson's studio band (conducted by Doc Severinsen), or with his own rhythm section, and even the ones where he only brought a prerecorded orchestra tape - were always inspired, without an exception.
      Between 1970 and 1992 Ray Charles guested 18 17 times on the show.
      1. 17 February 1970. Among the guests: Ray Charles. Unknown content.
      2. 30 May 1972. Guests: Ray Charles, Maureen Stapleton. Unknown content.
      3. 20 April 1973. Guests: Ray Charles, Cliff Robertson, John Davidson, The East Trucking Company and Ann [inaudible] (one source mentions a "Gymnast" as a guest). Unknown content [but possibly a performance of What'd I Say, with band and Raelettes]. 
      4. 12 March 1974. Among the guests: Ray Charles. Unknown content.
      5. 19 November 1974. Guests: Ray Charles, Petula Clark, Madlyn Rhue, Orson Bean. Ray performed Louise* and Come Live With Me*.
      6. 25 March 1976. Guests: Ray Charles, Arthur Ashe, George Gobel, Orson Welles. Ray performed Then We'll Be Home (Sadies Tune).
      7. 16 February 1979. Guests: Ray Charles, Cheryl Hennington, Cindy Lynn Lawson, David Brenner, William Demarest. Ray performed Riding Thumb* and She Knows*.
      8. 1 February 1980. Guests:  Ray Charles, Bob Hope, Teri Garr. Ray performed Some Enchanted Evening*  and The Jealous Kind*. 
      9. 2 February 1984. Guests: Ray Charles, George Jones, Charles Nelson Reilly, Holly Palance. Ray and George did duets on Friendship* and We Didn't See A Thing*.
      10. 18 March 1986. Guests: Ray Charles, Barbara Hershey. Ray performed Stranger In My Own Home Town* and Oh, What A Beautiful Morning*.
      11. 19 February 1987. Guests: Ray Charles, Lily Tomlin. Ray performed Mississippi Mud* and Come Live With Me*.
      12. 9 June 1987. Guests: Ray Charles, Madonna. Ray performed Chattanooga Choo Choo* and Yours*.
      13. 10 December 1987. Among the guests: Ray Charles, David Brenner. Ray performed Just For A Thrill*.
      14. 12 October 1988. Guests: Ray Charles, Cody Carr. Ray performed You Made Me Love You (I Didn't Want to Do It)* and There'll Be Some Changes Made*.  
      15. 11 April 1990. Guests: Ray Charles, Richard Lewis. Ray performed I’ve Got News For You* and Oh, What A Beautiful Morning*, both with his own orchestra's rhythm section. 
      16. 21 November 1990. Guests: Ray Charles, Father Guido Sarducci. Ray performed Elly, My Love* and Teardrops From My Eyes*.
      17. 16 April 1992. Guests: Ray Charles, John McEnroe, Tom Selleck. Ray performed The Brightest Smile In Town* and The Good Life*.
      Video copies of the tunes marked with an asterisk (*) have survived - and some of these sometimes make it to the interweb (also cf. below). The submissions to Youtube often come with contradictory notes on the years or dates they were aired. In the list above, I have attributed them with dates that either are documented through listings in contemporary TV guides, or by the JohnnyCarson.com website, or by a list compiled by Joël Dufour.
      #18 (the appearance on April 16, 1992) was announced as Ray's "18th on the show, which was started in 1972". This suggests that the list is incomplete and that #1 doesn't belong here.
      The complete history of all Tonight Show formats spans the period from 1962 to 1992. Before the Carson era Ray also appeared on one Tonight Show presented by Hal March (on 30 August 1960; see this).
      For Ray Charles, late night talk shows have always been a great environment to plug new records (and an occasional book). In 1993 Ray was a one-time guest at Jay Leno's Tonight Show (see this). He also guested at several Late shows hosted by Ed Sullivan (see this and this), by Joan Rivers (see this), and by David Letterman (see this).

      In most of shows in the list above Ray was interviewed by Carson. All or most of this footage has also survived.
      Over the years many (parts of) Tonight shows have been (re-)issued on VHS, laser disc and DVD; Ray is featured on some of them.
      The JohnnyCarson.com website licenses and showcases a number of the programs listed above  (you can watch them in watermarked versions, but with good audio quality).

      On 21 November 1990 Ray Charles performed Ellie, My Love and Teardrops From My Eyes; the first with Doc Severinson's The Tonight Show Orchestra: Snooky Young - trumpet; Pete Christelieb - sax (solo on Teardrops); the second also with The Ray Charles Orchestra's rhythm section: Kenny Carr - guitar, Benoît Grey - bass, David Rokeach - drums.

      Ray Charles On Jay Leno's Tonight Show (1993)

      Ray Charles was a guest on the Tonight Show on 15 September 1993. Ray brought his Orchestra. They played Oh, What A Beautiful Morning. The other guests were Halle Berry and Jerry Seinfeld.
      Seinfeld did two segments, leaving no time for Berry. Halle cried sour tears backstage because - even though she would be re-scheduled - it would not be on a night with stars as big as Ray and Jerry.
      Much to Ray's chagrin (being used to many guest appearances at the series hosted by Sullivan and Carson), it would remain the only Leno show where he was ever invited. Source here.



      Personnel*:
      David Hoffman, Larry Foyen, Kurt Weiss, Ken Scharf - trumpet; Michel Guerrier, Steve Sigmund, Marc Fields, Pete Beltran - trombone; Al Waters - tenor saxophone; Al Jackson - alto saxophone, band leader; Steve Elliot, Rudy Johnson, James Farnsworth - saxophone; Kenny Carr - guitar; Nils Johnson - bass; Peter Turre - drums, Ernest Vantrease - organ.
      *Information kindly provided by Nils Johnson and David Hoffman. 

      19 January 2011

      Ray Charles In Thank You Rock 'N Roll (1978)

      Thank You Rock 'N Roll was a 1 hour television show with Rita Coolidge, The Carpenters, Johnny Mathis, The Bee Gees and Ray Charles. It was promoted as a "joint effort by top singing groups of today and rock stars of the past".
      It probably was a syndicated format - I've found broadcast dates for 14 March and 1 April 1978. The clip below, with The Carpenters, as good as sure comes from this same program. I don't know if the performance by Ray still exists.

      Ray Charles Interviewed About What'd I Say (1991)

      In '91 listeners selected What'd I Say as part of the NPR 100, representing as many songs "that are among the best American music of the 20th century". On 21 February 2000 Robert Siegel aired his interview with Ray. Listen here.

      More on the genesis of the song here.

      18 January 2011

      Ray Charles At The The National Constitution Center (2003)

      On 4 July 2003 The National Constitution Center, a new $185 million museum on Independence Mall in Philadelphia, opened to the public. Ray contributed to the dedication ceremony with a rendition of America The Beautiful (live, with orchestra tape). You can watch it here; it starts at 1:43:43.
      (Ray stopped performing after a concert on July 19th; this may well be the last video taped before a live audience; cf. this).

      Ray Charles Live In Washington (2003)

      I thought I had sufficiently harvested the web for any trace of streaming media with Ray Charles' music, but I just found this C-Span page, with Ray's complete, 45-minute performance at The 89th Annual White House Correspondents Dinner on 26 April 2003, in a ballroom at the downtown Washington Hilton Hotel.
      Much of the attention of the cameras goes to the 2,500 members of the media, politicians and celebrities, but the audio is decent enough, and there's enough proof of Ray and his trio (Brad Rabuchin, guitar; Tom Fowler, bass; Peter Turre, drums) having a good time. For more context see this.

      The setlist was:
      1. Route 66 
      2. A Song For You 
      3. Hallelujah I Love Her So 
      4. Georgia On My Mind 
      5. Stranger In My Own Hometown 
      6. Your Cheating Heart
      7. Teardrops From My Eyes
      8. Just For A Thrill
      9. It Had To Be You 
      10. 3/4 Time
      You can watch the whole concert here.

      In April 2003 Reuters Television (ID 304260014; source here) produced a 2 minute news item on Ray Charles' perfomance at the Correspondents Dinner. The last - untrue - statement in Reuters' press story seems to have originated from Ray's own PR department:
      The glittering event, held in a spacious ballroom at the downtown Washington Hilton Hotel [...] brought together more than 2,500 members of the media, politicians and celebrities. Because of current events and the ongoing war in Iraq, the dinner had a decidedly different and more somber tone from past years. Instead of a stand-up comedian as in the past, this year veteran entertainer Ray Charles performed a 45 minute set including some of his classics: Route 66 and [A Song For You]. The usual array of Hollywood celebrities were on hand for this year's dinner, including actresses Jennifer Love Hewitt and Bo Derek, actor Rob Lowe and comedian Drew Carey. The winner of 12 Grammys, the 72-year old Charles is on a 200-city North American concert tour.
      The AP Archive has another news item. Shot #13 is a medium shot of Ray Charles performing; #15 is a pan of Laura and President Bush watching Charles. Source here.

      Ray Charles knew what to ask for an extra effort, and how and when to stick to a contract. In an interview with the National Journal, Julia Whiston, the executive director of the White House Correspondents' Association, reflected on her experience with Ray Charles, at the 89th Correspondent's Dinner in 2003 [note that I haven't found ANY complaint about this kind of prima donna behavior by Ray in the 70 years of documentation that I've ploughed through, BS]:
      Ray Charles was the biggest prima donna of all time, God rest his soul. He could be very, very difficult. We had asked if he would do his famous version of America The Beautiful. He said he would do that only if we paid an additional $250,000 on top of what he was already being paid. We said, 'No, thank you.' Then, we were running a little bit ahead of schedule. He was introduced, and he wasn't coming on. So I walked around behind stage and said, 'Oh, I’m sorry, this is your cue. We’re ready to go.' He asked his aide what time it was, and when he found it was seven minutes earlier than his contract stated, he refused and stood behind stage - and left our president, Bob Deans, up there trying to make jokes for seven minutes and left the president of the United States waiting for seven minutes. That’s the prize.
      Watch them wait from 25:20 (video without Ray):
      For the remaining 'waiting minutes, and the actual concert, watch this. Also read this earlier post on the concert.

      16 January 2011

      Anytime (2004)

      The scene below didn't make it to Ray, the movie. It depicts how Charles in early 1948 took the bus from Tampa to Seattle, and helps a few mariners to find the lyrics to Anytime, a contemporary hit by Eddy Arnold and The Tennessee Plowboys (who, later in '48 would score #1 to #4 on Billboard's Most-Played Juke Box Folk Records). The bus ride is historical, the meeting with the mariners probably isn't, and Ray's  shades certainly aren't.
      The soundtrack of Ray consists of (remastered) original Ray Charles recordings, and new recordings for which Charles provided the vocals. But it must be Jamie who's humming the song here.

      13 January 2011

      Ray Charles' Testimonial For Victor Vanacore (2003)

      Conductor Victor Vanacore and Ray Charles met in 1990. Vanacore served as his musical director, arranger, and opening act for symphony pops. In the first clip (probably from 2003, specially produced for Vanacore's website) Ray gives a testimonial on their cooperation. In the second video you see an edit of the same footage, and a few brief rehearsal sequemces. They worked together until 2004, when Vanacore contributed some arrangements to the Genius Loves Company album.


      07 January 2011

      Ray Charles Joins In A Prayer For America (2001)

      "Tears flowed freely in Yankee Stadium" on Sunday Sunday 23 September 2001 "as mourners led by clergy from the world's major religions paid somber tribute to the victims of the Sept. 11 attacks". The program was  called A Prayer For America. (The vigil was originally set for Central Park, but Mayor Giuliani moved it to the Stadium's more enclosed space for  security concerns).
      Bette Midler drew tears with an emotional rendering of Wind Beneath My Wings, Lee Greenwood got flags waving with God Bless The U.S.A. The Boys Choir and the Girls Choir of Harlem raised spirits with a rendition of We Shall Overcome. Oprah Winfrey, speaking resolutely for the need to move from suffering to strength, drew cheers when she said from the podium, "God Bless New York." When NYPD bagpipers played Amazing Grace, some officers wiped away tears between phrases, and Placido Domingo's rendition of Ave Maria stilled the house. "Of course" Ray Charles sang America The Beautiful.
      But angry resolve also rippled through the crowd. The 20,000 gave multiple standing ovations to Giuliani, who declared: "To those who say our city will never be the same, I say: You are right; it will be better." Later, there were mass chants of "USA! USA!" Admiral Robert Natter, commander-in-chief of the Navy's Atlantic Fleet, called for action: "To our terrorist enemies, we say: You picked the wrong city; you picked the wrong country."

      "It didn't work," a critic wrote, "Even the carefully selected video clips shown on TeeVee news couldn't hide the many empty seats." Sources: 1, 2.
      The weeks after the 9/11 attack the American airwaves were filled with patriotic songs. Ray's America The Beautiful was probably the song that was most frequently played. Cf. this.



      05 January 2011

      Ray Charles Interviewed In Brussels (1962)

      Video still.
      The Sonuma archive has published* an early news report on a Ray Charles show, with some great shots of Ray, band members and the audience. It includes an interview with Ray. The item was shot at the Paleis der Schone Kunsten/Palais des Beaux Arts in Brussels. Sonuma mentions 1 June 1962 as the first air date, but that should be some days later, possibly on the 4th of June, the day after the concert took place.
      Later that month the local correspondent from Billboard reported that the "[...] program […] was a failure as a result of a bad sound system in the theater. Ticket prices were much too high".

      This must be the oldest Ray Charles interview on the web. BTW - Sonuma, also recently, added some early 'Belgian' clips with Coltrane, Mingus, Monk and Armstrong (search for "jazz").

      * Many thanks to Irene Terrani for tipping me off on this one!

      What'd I Say (c 1973)

      It's clearly taped for a tv program, I'd guess for the Tonight Show (Ray was on that program once in '73, and twice in '74).

      The keyboardist is John Henderson, who was on the band in 1973 and 1974. The Raelettes* are (fltr): Vernita Moss, Dorothy Berry, Mable John, ?Kathy Collier? and Madelyn Quebec.
      *Information kindly provided by Susaye Greene. 

      NOTE: this clip will probably disappear soon from YouTube. Do not follow the super-imposed link.

      '73c TV What:
         [Clip was removed from YouTube]